Cabbage thistle / Siberian thistle

Herbs profile

  • Latin Name: Cirsium oleraceum
  • Kirsos: greek varicose veins, different species have been used against varicose veins since antiquity.
  • Oleraceus: lat. hollow-like
  • Family: Compositae/Asteraceae
  • Feed type: Herbs
Cabbage thistle / Siberian thistle - Cirsium oleraceum

Cabbage thistle (Cirsium oleraceum)

The cabbage thistle is a persistent herbaceous plant, which can grow from 50 to 170 cm tall. It is not stinging. Its stem is leafed up to the tip. These are clearly smaller and pinnate in the upper part of the plant. In addition, the leaves sit there on the stem with an extensive auricle. The stem leaves are soft, the upper ones mostly undivided, heart-shaped, stalkless; the lower ones lobed, pinnately lobed.

The cabbage thistle is a perennial shrub with a strong rootstock. Unlike the other thistle species, it has soft, slightly thorny, light green leaves.

The flowers are pale yellow and grouped into capitula, which in turn are surrounded by several pale yellow to light green bracts.

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Occurrence of the scratch thistle

The cabbage thistle is the name-giving kind of the cabbage-thistle-meadows. These are generally nutrient-rich and damp fat meadows.

The cabbage thistle shows waterlogging and fertilization. Over-fertilization leads to mass development.

Effect of cabbage thistle

As long as the plants are young, they provide a valuable food. Older plants are especially avoided by grazing animals. However, drying is hardly possible because the leaves crumble.


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