Field thyme – medicine Quendel / Thymus pulegioides
The thyme field is a creeping dwarf shrub with a woody stem base. The plum grows 5 – 25cm high and roots up to 1m deep.
The stems are sharply square, especially just below the terminal inflorescences. The leaves are coarse leathery, evergreen and partly hairy.
The strong aromatic smell comes from the essential oils. These are produced by the oil glands sunk into the leaves and serve the plant primarily as evaporation protection. The flowers smell strongly due to the abundantly produced nectar and attract numerous insects, especially bees.
Occurrence of field thyme
The thyme field prefers rough grasslands and rough pastures and grows on embankments, gravel pits or rocks. It can be found in dry and warm, base-rich places from the plain to the high mountains.
Effect of field thyme
The thyme field is one of the most valuable plants in a species-rich meadow or pasture.
It is one of several thyme species that have been known as medicinal herbs since ancient times. The essential oils are particularly effective, especially thymol, which has bactericidal and fungicidal properties.
Thyme tea is especially effective as a cough remedy, disinfectant, antispasmodic and ejaculatory. As a seasoning herb it stimulates the appetite and promotes digestion. Thymol is also used in veterinary medicine for fungal infections or to promote digestion. Beekeeping also appreciates the active substances used to combat the varroa mite.
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