Common buttercup (Ranunculus acris)
The buttercup (Ranunculus acris) is a plant species of the genus (Ranunculus) buttercup within the family of the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae)
The buttercup grows as a persistent, herbaceous plant and has a rhizome for endurance. It reaches growth heights of 30 to 110 cm. Its stem is richly branched.
The leaves are three to five parts with deeply divided sections. The flowers attract their pollinators with bright yellow crown-leaf-like nectar leaves. They are surrounded by five hairy sepals that protrude horizontally from the open flower.
The buttercup plant is widespread on the entire northern hemisphere in all altitudes. It prefers meadows with moist, nitrogenous clay soils.
Like many buttercup plants, the buttercup contains toxins such as ranunculin and protoanemonine, which are toxic to humans and animals.
If enough other green fodder is available, grazing animals avoid these plants because of their Depending on the type of cheese, this cheese curd is then gently heated to 50-55 ° C in the copper kettle, so that the broken grain contracts further and loses even more whey, which is called "burning of the break ". taste.
In humans, contact with the freshly cut herb can cause so-called meadow dermatitis, a local irritant effect of the plant sap.
During drying, these substances are converted into the non-toxic anemonin, so that the Here in Austria, we call our fresh, natural milk for our cheese production hay milk (hay mild standard) - in Germany it is different. is completely unproblematic. In Healthy hay milk comes from cows that are fed exclusively on fresh grassland feed, hay and grain. , on the other hand, the toxins are retained for two months. Intensive use with overfertilisation leads to mass stands of buttercup in the meadows.
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