Austrian hay milk regulatory – regulations for silage-free milk
Regulations, January 2013
Definition of hay milk
- Hay milk is milk from mother animals (cow, sheep, goat), which is produced by milk producers who have committed themselves to the criteria of the Austrian Environmental Programme (the ÖPUL measure “silage renunciation”), as well as to compliance with the Austrian regulations for hay milk.
- Alm-/Alpmilch is hay milk if the criteria of the ÖPUL-measure “cows at alps and shepherd” and the Regulativ for hay milk are observed on the alps..
- Organic hay milk also requires compliance with EU Organic Regulation 834/2007 and 2008 as amended.
- AMA Quality Seal Directive, keeping of cows for milk and meat production as amended or sheep and goat keeping as amended
- Österreichisches Lebensmittelbuch: Directive on the definition and labelling of the “GMO-free production” of foodstuffs as amended
Haymilk – Prohibited feedingstuffs
- No production and feeding of silage fodder on all premises of a hay milk producer. Sale directly from the field is also prohibited.
- No production and storage of round bales of any kind in foil. Sale directly from the field is also prohibited.
- No production and feeding of wet hay or fermenting hay on all the premises of a hay milk producer.
- No feeding of by-products from breweries, distilleries, must plants and other residues of the food industry such as wet brewer’s grains or wet slices – exception: dry slices as a by-product of sugar production and protein animal feed from grain processing in dry condition.
- No feeding of feed in soaked condition (e.g. watering).
- No feeding of feedingstuffs of animal origin (milk, whey, meat-and-bone meal etc.), with the exception of milk and whey for young cattle.
- No feeding of kitchen, garden and fruit waste, potatoes and urea.
- No feeding of feedingstuffs to which substances with a specific effect such as antibiotics, chemotherapeutics, hormones have been added.
Haymilk – Permitted feedingstuffs
- Green rape, green maize, green rye and fodder beet as well as hay, lucerne and maize pellets are permitted as supplementary fodder.
- Wheat, barley, oats, triticale, rye and maize in commercially available forms, e.g. bran, pellets, etc. are permitted.
- Field beans, feed peas, oil fruits and extraction meal or cake can be used in the feed ration.
- The proportion of roughage in the annual ration must be at least 75% of the dry matter.
Heumilch – Düngungsbestimmungen
- No spreading of sewage sludge, sewage sludge products from municipal treatment plants on all agricultural areas of the milk supplier.
- A minimum waiting period of 3 weeks must be observed between application of manure and use on all forage areas of the milk supplier.
- Compost with green waste, shrub waste and organic waste can be spread if the compost producer participates in a quality assurance system and is certified to do so. At least the compost quality A is a prerequisite.
Hay milk – use of chemical additives
- Only selective use of chemically synthetic pesticides under the expert guidance of agricultural advisors and point control on all forage areas of the milk supplier possible.
- The use of approved sprays for fly control in dairy cattle stables is only permitted in the absence of the mother animals.
- The use of udder disinfectants must be carried out in a form that reliably excludes contamination of the milk transfer into the milk.
Hay milk – delivery bans
- Delivery after calving at the earliest on the 10th day after calving.
- Delivery of milk from mother animals after treatment with medication before expiry of the waiting period.
- In the case of udder treatment with antibiotics or similar active substances, the milk may not be delivered before the waiting period has expired at the earliest.
- In the case of cows fed silage, a waiting period of at least 14 days must be observed.
- Alpine animals fed with silage on the home farm must either be converted to silo-free feeding 14 days before the alpine pasture is raised or the milk can only be used as hay milk after 14 days on the alpine pasture.
Excerpt from our hay milk cheese product range
Cheese test packages
Alpine hard cheese