Lactose intolerance – the milk sugar intolerance
Many people ask themselves, “What is lactose intolerance?”
The best first: All our hay milkHay milk comes from cows that are fed exclusively with fresh grassland feed, hay and little grain. » More info cheeses in the Alpen Sepp ShopThe purchase of food and cheese via the Internet. A big and very interesting topic in this area will probably be the easy and quick access to specialties such as - for examle - cheese. » More info are lactose-free – the milkCheese milk is the milk intended for the production of cheese, also with the concomitant use of buttermilk products, cream products, sweet whey, sour whey and whey cream (whey cream) » More info sugar was 100% utilized by the lactic acid bacteriaBacterium Linens (red culture bacteria) are brushed with salt water on the cheese. » More info.
People with lactose intolerance can not or only insufficiently digest milk sugar (lactose or lactose). If people take lactose-containing products, they may experience abdominal cramps, bloating, nausea, or diarrhea. The reason for lactose intolerance is a deficiency or complete absence of the digestive enzymeNatural rennet is a mixture of the enzymes chymosin and pepsin, which is obtained from the abomasum of young ruminants in milk-drinking age. » More info lactase in the small intestine.
Lactose intolerance is a food intolerance due to an enzyme deficiency and not a food allergy.
Comparison: Cow’s milk allergy is different
Not to be confused is lactose intolerance with the rarely occurring cow milk allergy. This is a real allergy. The human immune system reacts to proteins (proteins) in cow’s milk.
Why do many people have lactose intolerance?
Presumably, about three-quarters of the world’s population can no longer completely break down lactose after about 4-6 years of age. Milk is almost baby food and this situation represents a naturalHere in Austria, we call our fresh, natural milk for our cheese production hay milk (hay mild standard) - in Germany it is different. » More info state.
Originally humans could digest milk sugar only during the lactationThe milk period is also called the lactation period. It is the time when farm animals such as cows, sheep or goats keep milk for milk production. » More info well. With the emergence of livestock and the related adult consumption of milk, a genetic change has developed in certain populations. Because of this mutation, enough lactase is also found in the small intestine of adults.
For all other people, the ability to digest lactose decreases rapidly after weaning and reduces to as much as ten percent of baseline later in life.
What happens with lactose intolerance in the body?
Milk sugar is a double sugar. In infants and adults with lactase compatibility, milk sugar molecules in the small intestine are completely broken down into their constituents with the aid of the enzyme lactase and are taken up via the mucous membrane.
If people with intolerance ingest a large amount of lactose, only part of it will split up in the small intestine. The undigested remainder enters the large intestine. The bacteria there remove the milk sugar and it comes to gas formation.
Right – it is then fermented in the colon!
This produces various organic acids and gases. Often these can cause discomfort. The undigested lactose and organic acids retain water in the colon, which can lead to soft stools and diarrhea. The increasingly accumulating intestinal gases in turn inflate the intestine. The symptoms usually increase with the amount of milk sugar consumed.